Raquel Welch, Legendary Hollywood Actress, Passes Away at 82
Although Raquel Welch had just three lines in the 1966 movie “One Million Years B.C.,” her striking appearance in a doeskin bikini quickly turned her into an international icon. This notoriety propelled her into a successful Hollywood career that spanned almost 60 years.
Welch died Wednesday, according to her management company, Media Four. She was 82.
“According to a statement from Media Four, Raquel Welch, the renowned bombshell actress of film, television, and stage, has passed away after a brief illness. She starred in more than 30 films and 50 television series and appearances and was a Golden Globe winner. In addition to her successful acting career, she also ventured into a lucrative line of wigs.”
Welch was a La Jolla beauty queen-turned-single mom, but to the world, she was an exotic actor whose smoldering looks and curvy figure suited the mood of the swinging 1960s.
“I liked that there was something very superhero about her,” Welch told The Times in 2016, referring to her role as Loana the cave girl. “At least I wasn’t one of those mincing little girls; I never wanted to be that.”
Indeed, Welch had a complicated relationship with her persona. Forever determined to prove that she was more than a sex symbol, she was rarely taken as seriously as she took herself. And though she proudly refused to do nude scenes, her fame was always tied directly to her sexuality, a fate she accepted with regret.
“There was this perception of ‘Oh, she’s just a sexpot. She’s just a body. She probably can’t walk and chew gum at the same time.’” she told Men’s Health in 2012.
“A unique beauty who left her one-of-a-kind groovy vibe wherever she went,” actor and comedian Sandra Bernhard tweeted in a tribute Wednesday, one of many Hollywood remembrances.
In an era when men often considered women largely ornamental, Welch earned a reputation for being strong-willed and independent. In 1970, at the peak of her fame, she took a role that no one wanted as a transgender woman in the film adaptation of Gore Vidal’s satirical novel “Myra Breckinridge.”
Welch said she asked to be in the movie because she was a fan of Vidal’s book and thought it would offer a dramatic role that might take her career in a new direction.
But, she said, the final script was stripped of the book’s off-color humor and absurdity that she had so enjoyed. Welch ended up hating the finished project, as did audiences and critics. The film, perhaps, became best known for the fight she had on set with her co-star, Mae West, over who got to wear a black dress.
“I couldn’t control that the script wasn’t coming together,” Welch said in her defense. “Each rewrite got further and further from making any sense.”
A decade later, Welch sued MGM when the studio replaced her with a much younger, more affordable Debra Winger in the 1982 film version of John Steinbeck’s World War II-era novel “Cannery Row.”
Welch claimed the studio fired her because of her age and to save money, in the process ruining her career just as she was poised to win recognition as a serious actor. The studio said she was let go for showing up late and taking too long in makeup.
After a six-year legal battle, she won a $14-million settlement. But in the process, she earned — rightly or wrongly — a reputation for being difficult, and her film career largely flickered out.
Welch blamed Hollywood’s reluctance to embrace older women for her diminished career.
“As life goes on you get more valuable as a person. Many women look better,” she told The Times in 2010. “I think I look better because I have lived and I have a different kind of aura about me having lived.”
Born Jo Raquel Tejada on Sept. 5, 1940, in Chicago, Welch was the oldest of three children. Her father was a Bolivian-born aeronautical engineer who moved his family to San Diego when Welch was a toddler to design aircraft during World War II.
He was a volatile man who bullied the household, especially her mother, a seamstress of English descent. Welch once threatened him with a fireplace poker to protect her mother.
A star student, Welch started winning beauty pageants when she was 14, ultimately earning the state title of Maid of California in 1958, the year she graduated from high school. Though she attended San Diego State University on a drama scholarship, she dropped out to get married and take a job as a weather girl at a local TV station.
Welch married her high-school sweetheart, James Welch, and had two children by the time she was 21. After they separated, Welch moved to Los Angeles with her children to pursue acting. Within three years, she was a superstar.
She started out earning small roles in popular TV shows and films, such as her turn as a coed in Elvis Presley’s “Roustabout.” She got her first lead role as a bikini-clad know-it-all in the 1965 film “A Swingin’ Summer.”
After a screen test opposite James Coburn for the 1966 James Bond spoof “Our Man Flint,” she became one of the last contract players at 20th Century Fox to sign a multiyear deal.
One of the studio’s first moves, she said, was to suggest that she change her first name to Debbie, saying that Raquel “felt too ethnic.” She refused.
“I’m proud of my Bolivian heritage,” she told The Times years later.
She quickly landed a role as a doctor in the 1966 Oscar-winning drama “Fantastic Voyage” and then her career-making appearance in the prehistoric remake “One Million Years B.C.” That film’s poster launched her to stardom.
“In one fell swoop, everything in my life changed and everything about the real me has swept away,” she wrote in her 2010 memoir, “Raquel: Beyond the Cleavage.” “All else would be eclipsed by this bigger-than-life sex symbol.”
Welch went on to become a pop culture icon, equal parts self-mocking bombshell, and glamour-driven variety-show host. She earned a Golden Globe for her demure role in the star-studded 1973 comedy “The Three Musketeers” and also starred in the roller-derby drama “Kansas City Bomber” and the neo-noir mystery “The Last of Sheila.”
In 1981, Welch starred on Broadway in the musical “Woman of the Year,” earning critical raves. She earned a Golden Globe nomination for portraying a woman with Lou Gehrig’s disease in the 1987 TV drama “Right to Die.”
During the 1990s, Welch appeared on several TV shows, co-starring with Lauren Hutton in the drama “C.P.W.” in 1996, appearing in a recurring role on “Spin City” and even playing herself on an episode of “Seinfeld.”
In the 2000s, Welch embraced her Latin heritage by co-starring in PBS’ Emmy-nominated series “American Family,” about a Latino family struggling in Los Angeles. She also had a scene-stealing role in the 2001 film “Legally Blonde” opposite Reese Witherspoon.
“So sad to hear about Raquel Welch’s passing. I loved working with her on Legally Blonde,” Witherspoon tweeted Wednesday. “She was elegant, professional, and glamorous beyond belief. Simply stunning.”
In 2017, Welch co-starred in the ensemble comedy “How to Be a Latin Lover” with Rob Lowe and Salma Hayek and as the mother-in-law in the Up TV sitcom “Date My Dad.” More recently, she was known for developing her successful wig line.
Though she believed they held her back, she didn’t regret taking on the sex-kitten roles that propelled her early career.
“I am not a fool,” she told The Times in 2010. “I realized when I came along, I wasn’t Meryl Streep who had been put into a bikini. I was somebody that got rocketed into the spotlight and superstardom overnight. I knew this was going to give me an opportunity and I should make the best of it.”
She is survived by her son Damon James Welch and daughter Tahnee Welch.